Cytomegalovirus and Its Impact on Adolescent Girls

In the realm of viral infections, one often hears about well-known viruses like the flu or the common cold. However, a less discussed but potentially serious virus known as Cytomegalovirus (CMV) can impact young people, especially young women. This inconspicuous virus can significantly affect the health of 16 to 18-year-old girls, leading to various health complications. In this, our second blog, we’re highlighting the importance of awareness and prevention.

Understanding Cytomegalovirus (CMV)

Cytomegalovirus, commonly abbreviated as CMV, belongs to the herpes virus family and is widespread across the globe. In fact, most adults have been infected with CMV at some point in their lives. The virus is often asymptomatic or causes mild flu-like symptoms in healthy individuals. However, its potential for harm becomes more pronounced in specific populations, including young girls aged 16 to 18.

The Impact on Adolescent Girls

Adolescent girls might not be immediately concerned about the potential impact of CMV but, if they contract the virus during pregnancy it can pose a significant risk to their unborn children. CMV is a leading cause of congenital infection, potentially leading to hearing loss, vision problems, developmental delays, and other serious health issues in newborns. By raising awareness among young girls about the risks of CMV during pregnancy, we can contribute to healthier pregnancies and outcomes.

Adolescence is a critical period for growth and development. CMV infections can compromise the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to other infections. This can affect a teenager’s overall well-being, including their ability to participate in social activities, academics, and sports. In some cases, CMV infection can lead to mononucleosis (mono) symptoms. These include fatigue, fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. For adolescent girls with already busy lives, these symptoms can disrupt their daily routines and activities.

young Adolescent Girl with mother - CMV awareness

Prevention and Awareness

Given the potential impact of CMV on adolescent girls, it’s crucial to focus on prevention and awareness. Here are some steps to consider:

  • Promoting proper hygiene practices, such as frequent handwashing, can significantly reduce the risk of CMV transmission. Encourage adolescents to be diligent about hygiene, especially when interacting with young children or pregnant women.
  • Adolescent girls should be educated about the risks of CMV during pregnancy, even if they are not currently planning to have children. This awareness can help them protect their future pregnancies and those of others.
  • A well-balanced diet, regular exercise, and adequate sleep can contribute to a more robust immune system. Encourage young girls to adopt a healthy lifestyle to reduce their susceptibility to infections, including CMV.
  • Adolescents should be cautious about close contact, especially if they know someone with a weakened immune system or who is pregnant.


Cytomegalovirus might not be as well-known as other viruses, but its potential impact on the health and lives of 16 to 18-year-old girls cannot be underestimated. By understanding the risks and taking preventive measures, adolescents can safeguard their health, contribute to healthier pregnancies, and promote a culture of awareness and care within their communities. It’s time to shed light on this hidden threat and empower young girls to make informed choices for their well-being and the well-being of others.

What We’re Doing to Help

Cytomegalovirus can impact various populations, particularly pregnant women, young women, newborns, and immunocompromised individuals. Understanding the transmission routes and adopting preventive measures is crucial. Current vaccine studies at New England Research Associates aim to develop effective antivirals. Young women 16 – 18 years of age may qualify for  clinical trials enrolling now. Qualified participants may see a study doctor at no cost, have access to study medications, and receive compensation for time and travel. Click here to learn more, or call us at 203-374-9816.